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Grouting, as applied to civil and geotechnical construction, involves the injection under pressure of a liquid or suspension into the voids of a soil or rock mass or into voids between the soil or rock mass and an existing structure. The injected grout must eventually form either a solid or gel within the injected voids.

The purpose of pressure grouting a soil or rock mass is to improve the strength and durability of the grouted mass and/or to reduce its permeability.

Permeability Reduction

Grouting applications relating to permeability reduction include:

  • Reduction of hydrostatic forces acting on the base of water retention structures or tunnel linings
  • Reduction of reservoir water loss
  • Reduction of erosion of foundations and embankments
  • Excavation shoring by stabilization, consolidation, and water control

Improvement of Mechanical Properties

  • Grouting applications relating to mechanical property improvement include:
  • Enhancement of bearing capacity
  • Consolidation of an overburden of either soil or fractured rocks to facilitate an underground excavation.
  • Void filling either at the surface or subsurface
  • Stabilization and lifting (jacking)

Types of grouting done, and specifically by the Judy Company, include:

  • Pressure
  • Compaction
  • Chemical
  • Jet
  • Microfine injection
  • Consolidation

Grouting is a valuable tool in geotechnical construction and the type of grouting chosen should be determined by an evaluation of the pertinent aspects of a problem including engineering needs, subsurface conditions, materials and access available, and economic considerations.